We all know that there are houseplants that flourish inside our homes but what many people don’t realize is that you can actually grow a whole range of vegetables under your roof. From lettuces to spinach, from arugula to carrots, there are so many delicious vegetables which you don’t even need a garden to grow. Best of all, you don’t need a lot of space, and you don’t even have to buy any special hydroponic tanks or super-powerful lights to grow all of your fresh produce.
To help everyone get their fingers green, here is how you can grow more veggies under your roof.
1. Get Started with the Easiest Veggies
While there are many fantastic vegetables which you can grow indoors, you do need to be a little realistic. Attempting to grow cabbage or corn inside is next to impossible to get started with vegetables that grow quickly even in less than ideal conditions. You can find a comprehensive list of easy-to-grow vegetables at planteli.com/easiest-vegetables-to-grow-indoors but leafy greens like kale, spinach, and arugula all grow within four to six weeks, even in very tight spaces. Basically any vegetable like these which are edible at every stage of their growth cycle will be your best choice for indoor growing. Other produce which takes a longer time to flower and fruit can still be grown inside you will just need to be a little patient and give them some love. Many people like to grow cherry tomatoes inside which usually take a few months until they are ready for picking.
2. Prepare the Conditions
For many of the easy vegetables, you won’t need much-specialized equipment to grow them. Lettuces, broccoli, brussels sprouts, mini carrots, spinach, and peas will all grow perfectly in black plastic pots in temperatures of around 15 Degrees Celsius with moderate light. Most people can easily create this environment in their homes without the use of special lamps or cooling systems. Herbs like oregano, rosemary, sage, thyme (and all of the other Simon and Garfunkel faves) need plastic terracotta pots, 20 Degrees Celsius temperature with moderate to high amounts of light.
Many herbs actually prefer it indoors but they do need a lot of suns, so keep them near the window. The ideal conditions for herbs are also ideal for other warmth-loving vegetables. These may include tomatoes, strawberries, peppers, and also dwarf citrus trees while the patient and advanced growers can even attempt cucumbers when they have the right lighting setup.
3. Improve Your Setup with Grow Lights
To effectively grow vegetables with more difficult requirements, you may need to create an artificial environment inside your home. If the light and temperature are not ideal for your chosen vegetables, then you will need to consider investing in some quality grow lights. Even if your home gets a lot of natural light during the spring and summer, if you want to continue growing through the winter months, artificial lights may be necessary.
The important thing to remember is that not all vegetables need (or like) the same light and heat conditions. Tomatoes love warm and bright conditions but if you put your lamp too near your herbs, it could scorch them or shrivel up the leaves. A little research and some trial and error is the best way to create the right light and heat setup.
4. Think About Air Circulation
The circulation of air around your plants is very important in assisting pollination and also in preventing the development of mold and fungus. An electric oscillating fan is ideal for keeping the air moving so that your vegetables can flourish. It isn’t necessary to leave the fan on all day so you can either turn it on manually for a few hours while you are home, or set it up to a digital timer so that it comes on automatically while you are out at work or school. For plants that prefer to be outside, you can cheat a little bit and use window boxes.
This is perfect for people who don’t have a garden but still want to grow those types of products that don’t always do great inside. This will give them the perfect natural air circulation, as well as all the sunlight they need.
The great thing about growing vegetables indoors is that you can get started any time of the year. Summer will give you the most natural light so you won’t need to run (and pay for) your artificial grow lights too much. On the other hand, growing vegetables through the winter is the perfect way to cheer up your home during those long, dark winter days.